The Lute

The ribs being fitted and glued over the MDF mould. The nail holes will be covered by the end clasp. The ribs are only about 2mm thick, and are bent to shape using heat before fitting and gluing. All that holds them together is the glue along the edges where they adjoin, so it is important that they fit together well.  Lute Ribs
The shell complete. At this stage it is still extremely fragile at the top end. Once the end clasp (external) and end liner (internal) are glued on, it is quite strong - when complete it has many of the structural characteristics of an eggshell.  Lute Shell
The first stage of carving the rose. It is carved directly into the soundboard, rather than being made separately and inlaid, as with guitars. Here the parts which require piercing right through are being cut out. Lute Rose Carving 
Halfway through the carving process. The openings have all been cut out, and the "overs and unders" established. Lute Rose Stage 1 
The rose carving complete. It may look a little rough, but this is very close-up. It's not normally examined this closely. Lute Rose Stage 2
The pegbox frame with the bass rider attached. The bass rider allows the lowest-pitched 4 strings to be a little longer than the others, which keeps the string weight and tension consistent across the whole instrument. Lute Pegbox
The carving on the back of the pegbox. This panel is jarrah, like the neck veneers. Lute Pegbox Back
A tuning peg as it comes off the lathe. The "bulb" at the bottom just above the fingertips will have its sides cut off to make it a flat tab, and the little disc at the top will be cut off. Final shaping of the shaft is done on a gadget very like a giant pencil-sharpener. The shaft is tapered, and for smooth operation, it's important that its taper matches exactly the taper of the hole it lives in. Lute Peg Blank

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